It is the region starting from the southern tip of North America and is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. The United Nations geoscheme for the Americas defines the region as all states of mainland North America, south of the United States and specifically includes all of Mexico.
Central America is geologically very active, with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occurring frequently, and tsunamis occurring occasionally. Many thousands of people have died as a result of these natural disasters. Central America is part of the Mesoamerican biodiversity hotspot, boasting 7% of the world’s biodiversity.
Guatemala has the largest economy in the region. Its main exports are coffee, sugar, bananas, petroleum, clothing, and cardamom. Of its 10.29 billion dollar annual exports, 40.2% go to the United States, 11.1% to neighboring El Salvador, 8% to Honduras, 5.5% to Mexico, 4.7% to Nicaragua, and 4.3% to Costa Rica.