The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Equatorial Guinea:
With a poverty rate of more than 60%, Equatorial Guinea is one of the poorest nations on the planet. In 2006, an estimated 76.8 percent of the population lived in poverty.
- High Per Capita Growth and Lowest HDI
Equatorial Guinea makes most of its income through oil and is one of the highest oil producers in Sub- Saharan Africa. However, it ranks 141 out of 188 countries in the Human Development Index; its HDI currently is 0.591. The country’s per capita gross national income was $21,056 in 2014, giving Equatorial Guinea the biggest difference between per capita wealth and human development score in the world.
- Low Education rates
Equatorial Guinea has some of the lowest education rates in the world, and even those in school do not remain for long. According to UNICEF, as of 2016, a staggering 42 percent of children do not attend primary school, making the country’s education rates the 7th lowest in the world. To compound the issue, only half of the students in these primary schools finish or graduate.
Equatorial Guinea (GQ), a state situated along Africa’s west coast, boasts a population of approximately 760,000 people. HIV/AIDS, diarrhoeal diseases, and malaria are the three most fatal diseases in Africa. Similarly, the top three diseases in Equatorial Guinea are HIV/AIDS, malaria, and lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). According to the Central Intelligence Agency, approximately 4.8 percent of adults (about 27,400 people) had HIV/AIDS in 2015.