The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Guinea-Bissau:
Guinea-Bissau is a poor country on West Africa’s Atlantic coast. Though the unemployment rate as of 2017 is 7.6%, roughly 69% of the population lives below the poverty line. Guinea-Bissau is one of the world’s least developed countries and depends mainly on agriculture; 25% of the population suffers from chronic malnutrition.
Guinea-Bissau has a literacy rate of 59.9% for the total population and the female literacy rate is 48.3%. This implies that only 59.9% of the population above age 15 can read and write. The poor education structure in Guinea-Bissau today is affecting almost all sectors of its economy and fueling the HIV/AIDS and other health crises.
Only about 79% of city dwellers and 49% of the people living in rural areas have access to pure drinking water. The nation has 16 cu km of renewable water resources, with 36% used for farming activity. Only 46% of the population have adequate sanitation.
In the international press, the small West African country of Guinea Bissau is variously described as most, if not all of the following: a narco-state (with as many as 30 tons of drugs passing through the country every year); coup-plagued (with at least four military coups since 1998 and six political assassinations in the past 3 years) and conflict-ridden (at war for more than half of it’s modern history).
- Diseases affecting Children
In the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, which has a population of 1,414,000, child mortality has increased by 80% since 2000 as a result of malnutrition, respiratory infections, malaria and diarrhoea. Only 39% of children under the age of five sleep under mosquito nets treated with insecticide, whilst 4% suffer from malnutrition and 19% from moderate malnutrition.