The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Guinea:
- Poverty and Hunger
Guinea has the highest per capita income on the continent of Africa, yet more than half of the population lives below the poverty line, with around 20 % in extreme poverty. 55 % of people live below the poverty line, and unemployment rates are very high. Hunger also poses a serious threat, with 17.5 % of the population experiencing food insecurity, 230,000 children suffering from moderate acute malnutrition and 25.9 % of the population experiencing chronic malnutrition.
- Water Crisis
The nation has 226 cubic kilometers of renewable water resources with 87% used in farming activity. About 35% of the people living in rural areas do not have access to pure water. Water pollution and improper waste disposal are significant environmental problems in Guinea.
- Domestic Corruption
The government of Guinea spends US$80 out of every US$100 in its budget on sketchy construction projects, but only dedicates US$2-3 to health and education. Thus, the citizens continue to suffer from illiteracy and poor health and have no way to escape poverty due to corruption.
Guinea’s 2010 literacy rate stood at 25% for adults, 21.8% for young women aged 15-24 and 37.6% for young men of the same age group. Primary school completion rates stood at 55.1% and 67.8% for females and males respectively in 2012. Gender gaps continue to persist in the higher grades, with 32 % of females and 41 % of males progressing to secondary school.
- Waste Management
The Republic of Guinea with a population of 10,523,261 inhabitants is confronted with solid waste disposal problem in both urban and rural areas. Regarding households waste management, 80% and 53.6% of them dispose of their garbage in nearby bushes in rural and urban areas respectively. However, safe waste removal is practiced by only 6.7% of households.