The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Honduras:
1. Violent Crime
Violent crime is rampant in Honduras. Despite a downward trend in recent years, the murder rate remains among the highest in the world. Apart from violent crime, people in Honduras must deal with the risk of property crime, making it more expensive to own and maintain property from cars to businesses.
Honduras is the second poorest country in Central America, with approximately 63 percent of the population living below the poverty line. Crime is in part an outgrowth of extreme poverty. About 60% of the country lives on less than $2 per day, the World Bank’s threshold for extreme poverty (actually set at $1.90, the threshold is frequently rounded).
Ever since the Corruption Perceptions Index started measuring public sector corruption, Honduras has not been able to escape the category of a highly corrupt country. Since the last survey in 2017, the percentage of Hondurans who believe the president is involved in acts of corruption has increased from 50 per cent to 65 percent; and the number of Hondurans that believe the government is handling the fight against corruption poorly swelled from 37 per cent to 62 per cent.
4. Water and Sanitation
Across the country, more than one million lack access to improved sanitation, and 638,000 lack access to safe water. Rural communities face the most challenges, as many people obtain their water from small springs that are unprotected, contaminated and often without water during the dry season.
Honduras reached a point of having the highest murder rate in the world. In 2011, the rate stood at 87 per 100,000 people. While the rate has dropped about in half, it still remains at seven times the U.S. rate of 6.2 per 100,000.