The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Liberia:
As many as 37% of Liberians go without food because of the lack of money and employment, according to a new Afrobarometer survey in Monrovia.
Unemployment stands at 3.9 percent, which shows that Liberia has a low unemployment rate. However, 79.5 percent is placed under the category of vulnerable employment, while 79.9 percent is placed under informal employment.
HIV/AIDS continue to wreck Libera even today. The National AIDS Commission of Liberia reported an increase in HIV positive patients from 33,000 in 2010 to 43,200 in 2017.
An estimated 64% of Liberians live below the poverty line and 1.3 million live in extreme poverty, out of a population of 4.6 million, according to World Food Programme. The main reasons are corruption and government conflict. Corruption in the government is the major epidemic, infiltrating many of the other sectors of society. The country also fails to utilize its natural resources in a productive way.
- Food Scarcity
51.2% of Liberian households have food shortages, with urban areas at 44 % and rural ones at 59 %. Women led households face more food shortage (54.6%) compared to men led households which are at 49.9%.
- Teenage Pregnancy
Liberia has one of West Africa’s highest teenage pregnancy rates: one in three girls aged 15-19 has had a child while almost one in seven children born to mothers in this age group will die within the first year, according to Liberia’s Demographic Health Survey in 2007.
The rate of pregnancy among adolescent girls aged 15-19 in rural areas is almost double that in urban areas – 42% and 24% respectively. Many of the teenage mothers are between 12-14 years old and are at risk for numerous complications associated with pregnancy.