Nigeria Sustainability Issues

The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Nigeria:

1. Unemployment

25% of Nigerian youth is unemployed. 16 people were killed in stampede when 500,000 desperate job-seekers rushed to apply for under 5,000 vacancies at the Nigeria Immigration Service in March 2014. From 2010 to 2019, the unemployment rate has increased from 3.9% to 6.1%. Each year, 200,000 students graduate from universities, but many fail to find a job, and some will seek out less-than-honorable means of supporting themselves.


2. Economic Issues

Following the 2008-09 global financial crises, the banking sector was effectively recapitalized and regulation enhanced. Since then, Nigeria’s economic growth has been driven by growth in agriculture, telecommunications, and services. Economic diversification and strong growth have not translated into a significant decline in poverty levels; over 62% of Nigeria’s over 180 million people still live in extreme poverty. Nigeria entered recession in 2016 as a result of lower oil prices and production, exacerbated by militant attacks on oil and gas infrastructure in the Niger Delta region, coupled with detrimental economic policies, including foreign exchange restrictions. 


3. Crime and Terrorism

The Global Peace Index, 2016, ranked Nigeria as the fourth country in the world with the highest number of ” international conflict deaths”. According to 2018 Global Terrorism Index report, Nigeria maintains 3rd position in terrorism in the year. There is a rise in terrorism by Boko Haram(a militant Islamist movement with ties to Al-Qaeda) in Nigeria since last few years.


4. Gender Inequality

In 2016 there were 29 men employed as state epidemiologists compared with just 8 women doing the same job; there were 23 male state disease surveillance and notification officers (DSNO) compared with 14 women and at LGA level, there were 609 male DSNOs versus 218 female DSNOs. The number of health facility surveillance focal personnel was, however, roughly the same (2 814 men and 2 879 women). Generally, the report showed there are more male key surveillance personnel than females in northern zones (3 331 men, 1 081 women), and the reverse is the case in southern zones (687 men, 2 377 women).


5. Road Accidents

One of the most trending and frequent problems in Nigeria is accidents. At around 3 p.m on Sunday 31st May 2015, brake failure on a tanker carrying petroleum products killed not less than 80 people at Upper Iweka, Onitsha Anambra state of Nigeria.

Over 20 university undergraduates from the University of Nigeria Nsukka have died in road accidents. According to the latest WHO data published in 2017, Road Traffic Accidents Deaths in Nigeria reached 37,562 or 1.85% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 24.75 per 100,000 of population, which ranks Nigeria #58 in the world. Better city planning and appropriate strict laws could be implemented in order to avoid casualties like these.