Togo Sustainability Issues

The critical environmental and sustainability issues of Togo:

  1. Education

68% of eligible males and 54% of females in urban areas enroll in secondary education, while only 45% of eligible males and 33% of females in rural areas attend secondary school. The literacy rate for males in Togo is 77.26% and only 51.24%  for women, which shows a large literacy gap between the sexes.

 

  1. Healthcare

Togo is woefully underserved by its health care professionals; the country has only 5 physicians and 27 nurses and midwives per 100,000 population. Inequities in access to care are vast between rural and urban, and between rich and poor Togolese. For example, only 40 % of rural births will be assisted by an accredited medical profession, but 93 % of urban births have such care. Tuberculosis is a serious problem in Togo, with 930 cases per 100,000 population, which is nearly twice the regional average and more than five times the global figure.

 

  1. Poverty

The poverty rate in Togo is 58%, and the acute malnutrition rate is 5%. Hunger in Togo has an even greater effect on children. Around 29.7% of children under 5 are chronically malnourished, and 30%  are stunted. Nearly 81.2% of Togo’s rural population lives under the global poverty line. Child welfare is a huge issue, as 49.5 % of those impoverished are under 18 years of age.

 

  1. Energy

In Togo, the electricity access rate is 28%, far below the West African average of 40%. Both rural and urban households struggle not only with access but with low voltage when it is available. Togo has had to rely on Ghana, its neighbor to the west, to supply some of its power. 

 

  1. Water Quality

According to WHO statistics, Togo had 2,377 deaths from diarrhea in 2012 due to problems with water, sanitation and hygiene. One percent of the population filtered or boiled their household water, and 14 % washed their hands after potential contact with excreta, showing that in addition to improving the water quality in Togo itself, hygiene education is an important step in reducing water-related diseases.